Glossary

Accessorial Service:
A service rendered by a carrier in addition to a transportation service, such as stopping in transit to complete loading or partially unload.

Back Haul:
Freight secured to fill equipment which would otherwise return to base empty. 

Bill of Lading:
A legal contract between the shipper and the carrier spelling out the terms of the agreement. 

Blocking or Bracing:
Wood or metal supports to keep shipments in place in or on trailer. 

Break Bulk:
A location where freight is combined and redistributed. 

Class Rate:
A rate applicable to the class to which an article is assigned in the classification or exception to the classification. 

Classification (Freight):
A publication containing a list of articles and the classes to which they are assigned for the purpose of applying class rates, together with governing rules and regulations. 

Collect:
A term denoting that transportation charges are to be paid at the point of destination (by the receiver).  

Common Carrier:
A person or firm engaged in the transportation of passengers or property for hire for the general public. 

Concealed Damages:
A damage to the contents of a package which is in good order externally.

Consignee:
The person or firm to whom articles are shipped.

Consolidated Center:
A location where freight is combined and redistributed.

Contract Carrier:
By motor vehicles, any person not a common carrier, who under special and individual contracts or agreements, transports property by motor vehicle for compensation.

Density:
The relationship of the weight of a shipment to the physical space it occupies. 

Destination:
The location to which a shipment is consigned.

Freight Bill:
A bill rendered by a transportation line, giving a description of the freight, the name of the consignee and shipper, point of origin, weight and amount of charges.

Inbound:
Refers to freight coming into a particular facility.

Interstate Traffic:
Traffic moving from a point in one state to a point in another state; between points in the same state, but passing within or through another state enroute.

Intrastate Traffic:
Traffic having origin, destination, and entire transportation within the same state.

Less Than Truckload (LTL):
A quantity of freight less than that required for the application of a reduced rate by reason of sizable weight. Weight bracket of less than 10,000#(0-9,999#).

Limited Service:
A service point which may or may not be serviceable pending freight specifications.

Outbound:
Freight leaving a particular facility.

Over Freight:
Freight separated from its waybill and bearing no identifying marks.

Overage
An excess of freight over quantity billed.

Permits:
Authority or permit granted by Interstate Commerce Commission or other regulatory body to motor carriers to operate in interstate commerce. (Much the same as a certificate).

Point of Origin:
The terminal at which a shipment is received by a transportation line from the shipper.

Prepaid or Prepay:
A term denoting that transportation charges have been or are to be paid at the point of shipment.

Pro Number:
A number or combination of numbers used to identify a Freight Bill. 

Surcharge:
A charge above the usual or customary charge (Most common surcharge is related to fuel)